"affect"

Characteristics and consequences of co-experienced positive affect: understanding the origins of social skills, social bonds, and caring, healthy communities

Although affective states are typically viewed as belonging to individuals, psychological theories have begun to emphasize collective affective states or interpersonal affective systems that emerge and resonate at the level of dyads and groups. Here, …

Emotional and Cognitive Empathy in Caregivers of People With Neurodegenerative Disease: Relationships With Caregiver Mental Health

Caregiving for a person with dementia or neurodegenerative disease is associated with increased rates of depression and anxiety. As the population ages and dementia prevalence increases worldwide, mental health problems related to dementia …

Shared emotions in shared lives: Moments of co-experienced affect, more than individually-experienced affect, linked to relationship quality

Motivated by collective emotions theories that propose emotions shared between individuals predict group level qualities, we hypothesized that co-experienced affect during interactions is associated with relationship quality, above and beyond the …

Emotional empathy in the social regulation of distress: a dyadic approach

Although research suggests distressed individuals benefit from others' empathy, it is unclear how an individual's level of empathy influences dyadic responses during emotional situations. In the current study, female participants (N = 140; 70 dyads) …

Physiological linkage during shared positive and shared negative emotion

Physiological linkage refers to the degree to which peoples' physiological responses change in coordinated ways. Here, we examine whether and how physiological linkage relates to incidents of shared emotion, distinguished by valence. Past research …

Physiological, behavioral and subjective sadness reactivity in frontotemporal dementia subtypes

Frontotemporal dementia (FTD), a neurodegenerative disease broadly characterized by socioemotional impairments, includes three clinical subtypes: behavioral variant FTD (bvFTD), semantic variant primary progressive aphasia (svPPA) and non-fluent …

Coherence between subjective experience and physiology in emotion: Individual differences and implications for well-being

Emotion theorists have characterized emotions as involving coherent responding across various emotion response systems (e.g., covariation of subjective experience and physiology). Greater response system coherence has been theorized to promote …

Behavioral indices of positivity resonance associated with long-term marital satisfaction.

Positivity resonance—defined as a synthesis of shared positive affect, mutual care and concern, plus behavioral and biological synchrony—is theorized to contribute to a host of positive outcomes, including relationship satisfaction. The current study …

Neurodegenerative disease caregivers' 5-HTTLPR genotype moderates the effect of patients' empathic accuracy deficits on caregivers' well-being

OBJECTIVE To test the hypothesis that a functional polymorphism of the serotonin transporter gene (serotonin-transporter-linked polymorphic region [5-HTTLPR]), which is thought to be associated with differential environmental sensitivity, moderates …

An idiographic statistical approach to clinical hypothesis testing for routine psychotherapy: A case study

In order to develop more targeted, efficient, and effective psychotherapeutic interventions, calls have been made in the literature for greater use of idiographic hypothesis testing. Idiographic analyses can provide useful information regarding …