"emotion"

Emotional empathy in the social regulation of distress: a dyadic approach

Although research suggests distressed individuals benefit from others' empathy, it is unclear how an individual's level of empathy influences dyadic responses during emotional situations. In the current study, female participants (N = 140; 70 dyads) …

Physiological linkage during shared positive and shared negative emotion

Physiological linkage refers to the degree to which peoples' physiological responses change in coordinated ways. Here, we examine whether and how physiological linkage relates to incidents of shared emotion, distinguished by valence. Past research …

Physiological, behavioral and subjective sadness reactivity in frontotemporal dementia subtypes

Frontotemporal dementia (FTD), a neurodegenerative disease broadly characterized by socioemotional impairments, includes three clinical subtypes: behavioral variant FTD (bvFTD), semantic variant primary progressive aphasia (svPPA) and non-fluent …

Coherence between subjective experience and physiology in emotion: Individual differences and implications for well-being

Emotion theorists have characterized emotions as involving coherent responding across various emotion response systems (e.g., covariation of subjective experience and physiology). Greater response system coherence has been theorized to promote …

Neurodegenerative disease caregivers' 5-HTTLPR genotype moderates the effect of patients' empathic accuracy deficits on caregivers' well-being

OBJECTIVE To test the hypothesis that a functional polymorphism of the serotonin transporter gene (serotonin-transporter-linked polymorphic region [5-HTTLPR]), which is thought to be associated with differential environmental sensitivity, moderates …

An idiographic statistical approach to clinical hypothesis testing for routine psychotherapy: A case study

In order to develop more targeted, efficient, and effective psychotherapeutic interventions, calls have been made in the literature for greater use of idiographic hypothesis testing. Idiographic analyses can provide useful information regarding …

Case formulation-driven cognitive behavioral therapy

This chapter describes a case formulation-driven approach to cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT). The chapter begins with an overview of the model of case formulation-driven CBT and a review of its empirical underpinnings. We describe each element of …

Emotion

INTRODUCTION Emotion has historically played a central role in psychophysiological research, with rich traditions focusing on both central and peripheral nervous system measures. A central tenet of most functionalist/evolutionary theories is that …

Relationship status and perceived support in the social regulation of neural responses to threat

© The Author (2017). Strong social ties correspond with better health and well being, but the neural mechanisms linking social contact to health remain speculative. This study extends work on the social regulation of brain activity by supportive …

Subjective general health and the social regulation of hypothalamic activity

Objective Social support is associated with better health. This association may be partly mediated through the social regulation of adrenomedullary activity related to poor cardiovascular health and glucocorticoid activity known to inhibit immune …